Geography of Maryland

Geography of Maryland

Maryland  is the 42nd largest state by total area with 12,405.93 square miles and about 250 miles long and 100 miles wide. It has a 3,190 miles (5,130 km) coastline along the Atlantic ocean. The geography of Maryland is diverse and can be divided into three main regions: the Appalachian mountains, the Piedmont plateau and the Atlantic coastal plain.

Maryland is bordered by Pennsylvania, Delaware, West Virginia and Virginia and the largest cities in Maryland are Baltimore, Columbia, Germantown, Silver Spring and Waldorf.

The state if Maryland is situated between the latitudes 37° 53′ and 39° 43′ North and between the longitudes of 75° .03′ and 79° 29′ West. The geographic center of the Maryland is about 4.5 miles northwest of Davidsonville, city in Prince Georges County.

Hoye-Crest on Backbone Mountain is the highest point in Maryland at an elevation of 3,360 feet above sea level. Whereas, sea level at the Atlantic ocean is the lowest point.

The climate of Maryland state is a generally humid continental, the summers are warm and can get as hot as 74 °F, the winters are very cold, temperatures can drop to as low as -35 °F. The average yearly rainfall in Maryland is 40.46″.

The Four major rivers in Maryland are the Patapsco River, Patuxent River and Potomac River.


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